The Virtual Machine Environment Replacement (VME-R) project replaced ageing legacy infrastructure with more modern technology needed to enable future welfare policy changes to be implemented. This complex and intensive programme has seen the Department for Work and Pensions rebuild technology, some of which was more than 40 years old, which supports its core benefit payment systems.
Altogether, 11 critical benefit systems were replaced with zero disruption to DWP’s benefit operations or delays to citizen payments. The largest four of these systems was replaced in the middle of the global pandemic, as DWP Digital rose to the challenge amid remote working and lockdowns. The applications pay out more than £150bn a year to millions of UK citizens.
The project was a DWP in-house exercise between the DWP Digital and Service Planning and Delivery – Change Delivery teams, and created opportunity for DWP to further move away from outsourced IT services towards a fully in-sourced digital organisation. The project helped DWP Digital staff to build capability, learn new skills and own their careers as the programme progressed.
Replacing the largest benefit system
Over Easter 2020, the VME-R project replaced jobseeker’s allowance, the department’s largest benefit system, remotely and at pace. Replacing the old service was particularly critical at this time as demand on the JSA system rocketed to unprecedented levels due to the economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.
The JSA payment system was introduced in the 1990s, and based on an IT code set designed in the 1960s, although as new technical and policy requirements changed code was added over the years.
The replacement was the culmination of two years of planning, although the increase in benefit claims meant the programme was reviewed to boost capability in order to support around one million additional jobseeker’s allowance claims and support thousands of new operational staff.
Working remotely, and throughout nights and weekends, the service was fully commissioned for operational activity on Easter Monday 2020, 24 hours ahead of schedule. The team was awarded the Project Delivery Excellence Award at the Civil Service Award 2020 for achieving this migration.
The project has seen:
• System capacity increased to allow 3,000 additional staff to respond to jobseeker’s allowance claim surge
• Record timing for data migration of 6.2 billion rows of customer data, which was delivered in under 24 hours
• Overnight IT batch processing time reduced from five hours to just over one hour, offering longer operational working days.
In total, 11 benefit applications have now been moved to new technology. Other applications migrated during the pandemic were the disability living allowance system in August 2020. The income support and pensions strategy computer system, which support the state pension service, were the two last applications to be replaced in January 2021, completing the programme.
The systems being replaced had an online service from 7am to 7pm and an overnight batch processing service approximately from 8pm to 4am. Processing times are now 50-60% quicker, and DWP Digital is now able to implement upgrades mid-week for the first time.
The full list of migrated systems
1 Winter Fuel Payment System (2016)
2 Housing Benefit Computer System (2018)
3 FAMIS Pay & Personnel (2019)
4 War & Pensions Computer System (2019)
5 Social Fund Computer System (2019)
6 Industrial Injuries Computer System (2019)
7 Jobseeker’s Allowance Payment System (2020)
8 Disability Living Allowance Computer System (2020)
9 Attendance Allowance Computer System (2020)
10 Income Support Computer System (2021)
11 Pension Service Computer System (2021)